Infrastructure usage rights: an analysis of the Eurovignette and the Swiss vignette

Droit d'usage infrastructure : la vignette

With the exception of the removal of the French vehicle vignette tax in 2000 and the shelving of the écotaxe in 2014, there is an upward trend in Europe for users’ contribution to funding road infrastructure. This trend is particularly clear in the road transport sector, in which various instruments intend to internalise negative externalities more effectively by acting on the price signal of traffic. Two instruments are commonly used for this purpose: the mileage charge for HGVs and the introduction of a road usage charge. The latter type of contribution is often implemented through the display of a vignette (sticker) which gives the holder the right to use all or part of the road network.

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What scale of implementation?

  • National

Who pays?

  • Taxpayer

Other solutions to discover:

Taxe sensible aux émissions

Putting a price on carbon to control emissions more effectively

The carbon tax and carbon emission quotas are economic measures aimed at making polluters pay in proportion to their emissions (the polluter pays principle) and ultimately to steer companies’ and citizens’ behaviours and decisions towards a reduction in polluting emissions.
Voiture électrique en charge

Kilowatt-hour fee: taxing electricity consumption in mobility

As the proportion of electric vehicles in circulation increases, the tax shortfall will also grow, making the use of a charge on the use of electric vehicles inescapable. Several solutions can be considered. One such solution would be to tax vehicle electricity consumption by importing the current fuel tax model.
L'affectation des taxes sur le carburant à la mobilité

Allocating fuel tax revenues to mobility

Traditionally, US States used vehicle registration fees, firstly as a one-off payment and then as an annual tax; from 1919 and the introduction of a fuel tax, infrastructure construction became financed through an indirect tax collected on the fuel sales price.

La Fabrique de la Cité

La Fabrique de la Cité is a think tank dedicated to urban foresight, created by the VINCI group, its sponsor, in 2010. La Fabrique de la Cité acts as a forum where urban stakeholders, whether French or international, collaborate to bring forth new ways of building and rebuilding cities.