City tolls, an opportunity to fund mobility

Péage urbain à Londres

The main goal of most 20th-century road developments was to adapt towns and cities to cars, not only in the suburbs, where available space resulted in the construction of large access roads, but also in city centres and districts, in cities which were traditionally sized for journeys made by foot or by horse. Buchanan’s Traffic in Towns Report, commissioned by the British Department for Transport, set out this statement as early as 1963, calling for solutions to what was defined as “the problem of traffic in urban areas”, i.e. to roll out a series of developments so that cars could circulate in towns and cities.

Today, major cities are once again considering traffic in urban areas, but this time with the opposite starting assumption: how can the space taken up by cars in cities be reduced? This turnaround is predominantly due to the fact that cars are increasingly judged by the externalities they generate. There are three categories of externalities: congestion, disturbances (noise, pollution, stress, loss of productivity, etc.) and the deterioration of road networks. To reduce them, several global cities have introduced city tolls, obliging drivers to pay in order to increase the share of total traffic levies in urban areas.

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What scale of implementation?

  • Local

Who pays?

  • Taxpayer

What secondary benefits for the community?

  • CO2 emissions mitigation
  • Traffic jam mitigation / Ridership decrease

Other solutions to discover:

Redynamiser la mobilité grâce au numérique

Public transportation passes and the limits of influencing flows

From the 1970s, mobility authorities started to offer weekly, monthly and annual travel passes. These passes gave their holders unlimited access to the entire public transport network for a single price generally dependent on a geographical criterion (zones).
Managed Lanes

Managed lanes: promoting some uses while funding infrastructure

Managed lanes meet three objectives: maintaining an optimal service level on the road in question or the motorway, achieved through a reduction in the volume of traffic by influencing the price or journey time, improving the commercial speed of public transportation lines and producing revenues to finance projects on the thoroughfare concerned.
Péage urbain de Singapour

Singapore and the issurance of a quota of licences to finance mobility

In 1990, to mitigate vehicle traffic and contain the growth of road infrastructure, Singapore rolled out several measures: a city toll (Electronic Road Pricing) and the Certificate of Entitlement (COE). The latter measure aims to control and limit growth in the number of vehicles in circulation.

La Fabrique de la Cité

La Fabrique de la Cité is a think tank dedicated to urban foresight, created by the VINCI group, its sponsor, in 2010. La Fabrique de la Cité acts as a forum where urban stakeholders, whether French or international, collaborate to bring forth new ways of building and rebuilding cities.