Singapore and the issurance of a quota of licences to finance mobility

Péage urbain de Singapour

The scarcity of available public space drives Singapore’s mobility policy. The City-State occupies a territory restricted to the south by the ocean and to the north by the Johor Strait which marks the border with Malaysia. Public space is a fixed and extremely limited resource given Singapore’s urban development.

In 1990, to mitigate vehicle traffic and contain the growth of road infrastructure, Singapore rolled out several measures: a city toll (Electronic Road Pricing) and the Certificate of Entitlement (COE). The latter measure aims to control and limit growth in the number of vehicles in circulation.

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What scale of implementation?

  • Local

Who pays?

  • Taxpayer

What secondary benefits for the community?

  • Modal shift toward less carbonized modes / behaviours

Other solutions to discover:

Redynamiser la mobilité grâce au numérique

Public transportation passes and the limits of influencing flows

From the 1970s, mobility authorities started to offer weekly, monthly and annual travel passes. These passes gave their holders unlimited access to the entire public transport network for a single price generally dependent on a geographical criterion (zones).
Péage urbain à Londres

City tolls, an opportunity to fund mobility

To reduce the externalities generates by cars, several global cities have introduced city tolls, obliging drivers to pay in order to increase the share of total traffic levies in urban areas.
Taxe sensible aux émissions

Putting a price on carbon to control emissions more effectively

The carbon tax and carbon emission quotas are economic measures aimed at making polluters pay in proportion to their emissions (the polluter pays principle) and ultimately to steer companies’ and citizens’ behaviours and decisions towards a reduction in polluting emissions.

La Fabrique de la Cité

La Fabrique de la Cité is a think tank dedicated to urban foresight, created by the VINCI group, its sponsor, in 2010. La Fabrique de la Cité acts as a forum where urban stakeholders, whether French or international, collaborate to bring forth new ways of building and rebuilding cities.