Fare-free public transportation

Transports gratuits à Dunkerque

In increasingly congested urban centres where cars account for an overwhelming share of journeys, municipalities are seeking a way of promoting the modal shift from the car to public transportation. In recent years, cities have considered making public transportation free of charge. In France, Châteauroux, Niort and Dunkirk have made their transportation networks free to use, as have Tallinn and Luxembourg.

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What scale of implementation?

  • Local

Who pays?

  • State

What secondary benefits for the community?

  • Building densification

Other solutions to discover:

Bureaux à La Défense, Paris

Tax on office premises in the Île-de-France (Greater Paris) region

Initially limited to office premises, this annual tax introduced in 1990 had its base extended in 1999 to retail and storage premises, then in 2011 to parking spaces. Today, the TSB also applies to parking spaces in the Île de France region. It is payable on 1 January for an entire year, even if the premises change usage, owner or become vacant during the year.

The specific case in France: public transportation funded by employers through the versement mobilité

The "versement mobilité" (VM) is a local contribution payable by public- and private-sector employers with more than eleven employees, which supplements the funding of transportation networks.
Réseau VINCI Autoroutes A66

The concession model to step up carbon intensity reduction in medium – and long – distance mobility

There are many solutions to reduce transport sector emissions in dense areas and over short distances. However, many of these mechanisms are not ineffective for medium distances (from 10 to 100km).

La Fabrique de la Cité

La Fabrique de la Cité is a think tank dedicated to urban foresight, created by the VINCI group, its sponsor, in 2010. La Fabrique de la Cité acts as a forum where urban stakeholders, whether French or international, collaborate to bring forth new ways of building and rebuilding cities.

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