The specific case in France: public transportation funded by employers through the versement mobilité

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As early as the 1970s, the negative effects of the prevalence of the car, a victim of its success, were starting to be felt in France: a lack of space in cities, noise and air pollution and congestion therefore urged mobility authorities to step up urban public transportation services. This was achieved through the versement transport (VT) contribution, which was replaced by the versement mobilité(VM) upon the entry into force of the Framework Mobility Act (LOM). The VM is a local contribution payable by public- and private-sector employers with more than eleven employees, which supplements the funding of transportation networks. It is a production levy borne by companies’ economic performance.

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What scale of implementation?

  • Local

Who pays?

  • Companies

Other solutions to discover:

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The specific case in France: public transportation funded by employers through the versement mobilité

The "versement mobilité" (VM) is a local contribution payable by public- and private-sector employers with more than eleven employees, which supplements the funding of transportation networks.
Transports gratuits à Dunkerque

Fare-free public transportation

In recent years, cities have considered making public transportation free of charge. In France, Châteauroux, Niort and Dunkirk have made their transportation networks free to use, as have Tallinn and Luxembourg.
Réseau VINCI Autoroutes A66

The concession model to step up carbon intensity reduction in medium – and long – distance mobility

There are many solutions to reduce transport sector emissions in dense areas and over short distances. However, many of these mechanisms are not ineffective for medium distances (from 10 to 100km).

La Fabrique de la Cité

La Fabrique de la Cité is a think tank dedicated to urban foresight, created by the VINCI group, its sponsor, in 2010. La Fabrique de la Cité acts as a forum where urban stakeholders, whether French or international, collaborate to bring forth new ways of building and rebuilding cities.