Housing prices go up and people go away
Housing is becoming an increasingly heavy burden on household budgets, and the cost of transport and dependence on the car are increasing as the distance between home and the city increases. Now that several cities (led by London and Paris in Europe) develop their own low-emission zones, spreading its legs each year, the cost of traveling and owning a car is higher than before. So, low-income people, often key workers of the city, are forced to move away from city-centers and rely more on their cars, whilst the same city-center asks for less petrol.
A very vicious circle politicians should tackle along with climate change actions. The urban environment is a series of interdependent phenomena. Access to low-carbon mobility, artificialization of land, renovation of affordable housing stock: the list could be longer, but the matter couldn’t be less pressing. The generational gap is widening between baby boomers, who are statistically more likely to own their own home, and millennials and Generation Z, who are seeing their dreams of one day owning their home vanish.
Examples could also be found in China, South Corea, Canada, Uk, Latin America, and Europe, where governments are fragilised : in Sweden and in Berlin, protests and populations took the government down or nearly did.
In their search for solutions, governments must do their best not to penalise either tenants or landlords. A very difficult task – but very necessary too.